The estimated mean number of pathogen species (± confidence intervals) recorded from flowers of I. glandulifera in the three study regions of different population age in southern Poland (Izerian Foothills, Kraków and Muszyna); groups with the same letter above the T-bars are not significantly different at p < 0.05.

  Part of: Najberek K, Solarz W, Wysoczański W, Węgrzyn E, Olejniczak P (2023) Flowers of Impatiens glandulifera as hubs for both pollinators and pathogens. NeoBiota 87: 1-26.