Cryptostegia madagascariensis A completely smothering native riparian vegetation and climbing up the endemic palm, Copernicia prunifera (Carnaúba or wax palm), Cruz, Acaraú River, Ceará, Brazil, 2007 B close-up of flowers and fruits; showing their claw-like nature, particularly of the opened fruits C in the Botanic Garden, Rio de Janeiro, with erroneous identification (inset), showing the characteristic whip-like shoots.

  Part of: Seier MK, Rapini A, Pollard KM, Barreto RW, Evans HC (2023) Tracing the origins and tracking the movements of invasive rubber vines (Cryptostegia spp., Apocynaceae). NeoBiota 89: 95-133.