Schematic representation of a full risk analysis procedure for non-native species (modified from Maijala 2006 and EFSA 2011). Note that it is generally considered that the Precautionary Principle (PP) should be applied at the risk management stage, not at the risk assessment stage (Ahteensuu and Sandin 2012).

  Part of: Strubbe D, White R, Edelaar P, Rahbek C, Shwartz A (2019) Advancing impact assessments of non-native species: strategies for strengthening the evidence-base. NeoBiota 51: 41-64.