Estimated yearly cost of nest destruction in France since the start of the invasion given the yearly invasive range. The darker grey area represents the confidence interval of the regression curve. The increase results from the spread of the species.

  Part of: Barbet-Massin M, Salles J-M, Courchamp F (2020) The economic cost of control of the invasive yellow-legged Asian hornet. NeoBiota 55: 11-25.