Proposed links between the mechanisms by which alien species impact native species as identified under the Red List and EICAT schemes. The description of each mechanism has been modified slightly to align the two schemes.

  Part of: Van der Colff D, Kumschick S, Foden W, Wilson JRU (2020) Comparing the IUCN’s EICAT and Red List to improve assessments of the impact of biological invasions. In: Wilson JR, Bacher S, Daehler CC, Groom QJ, Kumschick S, Lockwood JL, Robinson TB, Zengeya TA, Richardson DM. NeoBiota 62: 509-523.