Distribution of economic costs across different taxonomic kingdoms in Russia, in US$ billion. For viruses, the kingdoms are not indicated and, thus, all species are treated under the general term “viruses”.

  Part of: Kirichenko N, Haubrock PJ, Cuthbert RN, Akulov E, Karimova E, Shneider Y, Liu C, Angulo E, Diagne C, Courchamp F (2021) Economic costs of biological invasions in terrestrial ecosystems in Russia. In: Zenni RD, McDermott S, García-Berthou E, Essl F (Eds) The economic costs of biological invasions around the world. NeoBiota 67: 103-130. https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.67.58529