Temporal trend of the total costs in 2017-equivalent US dollars incurred by invasive species in Ecuador over time. Only robust data is represented (i.e. both observed and highly reliable). Each point represents the cumulative cost for a given year whereas its size is proportional to the number of estimates for that particular year. Average annual costs are calculated in 5-year periods and are represented by dots and horizontal solid lines. Dashed lines connect the average annual costs for these 5-year periods.

 
 
  Part of: Ballesteros-Mejia L, Angulo E, Diagne C, Cooke B, Nuñez MA, Courchamp F (2021) Economic costs of biological invasions in Ecuador: the importance of the Galapagos Islands. In: Zenni RD, McDermott S, García-Berthou E, Essl F (Eds) The economic costs of biological invasions around the world. NeoBiota 67: 375-400. https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.67.59116