Comparison of (a) the mainland and islands for the number of cost entries (b) the amount of costs in US$ (c) the number of cost entries per unit area and (d) the amount of costs per unit area. Damage_Biodiversity and Damage_Human represent damage caused by biological invasions to biodiversity and human livelihood, respectively. Management_Biodiversity and Management_Human represent management for biodiversity and human livelihood, respectively.

 
 
  Part of: Watari Y, Komine H, Angulo E, Diagne C, Ballesteros-Mejia L, Courchamp F (2021) First synthesis of the economic costs of biological invasions in Japan. In: Zenni RD, McDermott S, García-Berthou E, Essl F (Eds) The economic costs of biological invasions around the world. NeoBiota 67: 79-101. https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.67.59186