Population size of invasive toads estimated by a stage-structured model simulating alternative management strategies. Adult population size of invasive guttural toads, Sclerophrys gutturalis, in Cape Town estimated by a stage-structured model that simulates potential management strategies, as listed in Table 2. Colours (blue, red, grey and purple) indicate removal strategies that are hypothetically carried out by removing different age classes at contrasting spatial scales (accessible ponds vs. all ponds). Black indicates a no-removal scenario. Management was simulated to start in 2011 and to be interrupted in late 2020 (removal phase), after which the model simulating the invasive population would be allowed to run for a further 10 years until 2030. Estimated population size of each fictional management strategy is reported in Suppl. material 2.

  Part of: Vimercati G, Davies SJ, Hui C, Measey J (2021) Cost-benefit evaluation of management strategies for an invasive amphibian with a stage-structured model. NeoBiota 70: 87-105. https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.70.72508