Model prediction of standardised SBD report rate as a function of water balance (measured as P-ETP) of the vegetative season (April-August) of the year previous to the disease report (a). Evolution of standardised SBD reports from 1990 to 2021 in France and Switzerland (b), and model predictions (Eq. 2). A dotted grey line indicates a standardised record rate that equals 1, above which the number of cases of the SBD is higher than average, and hence considered an outbreak of the disease.

  Part of: Muller E, Dvořák M, Marçais B, Caeiro E, Clot B, Desprez-Loustau M-L, Gedda B, Lundén K, Migliorini D, Oliver G, Ramos AP, Rigling D, Rybníček O, Santini A, Schneider S, Stenlid J, Tedeschini E, Aguayo J, Gomez-Gallego M (2023) Conditions of emergence of the Sooty Bark Disease and aerobiology of Cryptostroma corticale in Europe. In: Jactel H, Orazio C, Robinet C, Douma JC, Santini A, Battisti A, Branco M, Seehausen L, Kenis M (Eds) Conceptual and technical innovations to better manage invasions of alien pests and pathogens in forests. NeoBiota 84: 319-347.