The colonisation framework. This framework considers both human-mediated dispersal and natural dispersal, and acknowledges that any species in novel environments are subject to the same barriers of survival, reproduction, dispersal and further range expansion, irrespective of how they got there. This framework is relevant for epidemiology, simply by changing a few terms (e.g., species movement to infection, dispersal to transmission, invasion to disease spread).

  Part of: Hoffmann BD, Courchamp F (2016) Biological invasions and natural colonisations: are they that different? NeoBiota 29: 1-14.